The importance of geopolitics once again put Turkey in entangled relations due to the Russian invasion of Ukraine. Since the end of the Cold War, the existence of NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organisation) against the perceived threat of the Soviet Union has been questioned. When Russian President Vladimir Putin claimed the expansion of NATO was a key reason to launch a ‘special military operation’ in Ukraine, it has tested the military organisation’s political power against Russia in a new century. As a member of NATO, Turkey has found itself in a zero-sum game between Moscow, Kyiv and Washington.
First published as part of a Panel on Ukraine hosted by the Center for Religion in Society, York St John University.